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Liposuction

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  Surgical > Liposuction (Fat Reduction)  
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Introduction:
Liposuction is the process wereby Fat can be sucked out of the body through fine canulas that are connected to a suction machine.

Liposuction is the removal of excess fat, something many people can readily identify with. The process involves use of specially designed canulas connected to suction machine that sucks the fat out. It’s by far the most popular form of cosmetic surgery and has become a household term.

Indications:
Lliposuction is done to remove localized areas of fat from any part of the body, usually from Buttocks, Thighs, Back, Abdomen, and arms etc. It is often difficult for the patient to decide between an abdominoplasty and liposuction.

Liposuction does not tighten skin although sometimes the underlying tissue seems pulled tighter by a thin layer of scar tissue (adhesions). Liposuction can contour the body and the skin shrinks in.

Liposuction is used to sculpt areas and can also suction out large amounts of fat to treat obesity. A newer technique called ultrasonic liposuction may be able to remove larger amounts of fat. 

Cellulite is not usually improved by traditional liposuction and in some cases may be made worse.

Method:
Small incisions are made through which the fat is sucked out through different sized cannulae, that are connectde with suction tubes to a pump. The fat is removed in a crisscross pattern to reduce the risks of irregularity. 

Liposuction is done under either local anesthetic (you are awake) or general anesthetic (you are asleep). Local anaesthesia can be used in smaller areas but most patients are are more comfortable asleep. Almost always the area is distended with saline before the suction and this is called tumescence or superwet technique. 

Usually liposuction is an outpatient operation and a stay in the hospital is not needed. 

Problems: All operations have some risk. 

  • The risks of liposuction are divided into two groups. First those that are seen in all operations and second those that are unique or special for liposuction. 
  • In the first group, the main risks are swelling, bruising, bleeding, infection, a scar and numbness or change in feeling. 
  • The main problems which are special or unique for liposuction are surface irregularity and may require a secondary surgery. 
  • Ultrasonic liposuction also has complications such as nerve damage but probably causes less bleeding and irregularity. 

Postoperative care:
The recovery takes one to two weeks. Most people are back to work within a week. The patient must wear a compression garment after surgery to help in good shrinkage and body contour.

There is some evidence that large volume liposuction may have beneficial effects in people with metabolic problems, and may help diabetes, obesity and hypertension.  
Special Complications: If metaculous care is not taken and if excessive fat is removed patient can go in shock even fat emboli may cause risks.

Basically the body can be reshaped and contoured as the excess amounts of fat are removed from you body. The process is useful in removing fat from varying areas of the body including the chin, neck, cheeks, upper arms, breasts, abdomen, buttocks, hips, thighs, knees calves, and ankle areas. There are multiple procedures that can meet patients’ needs but the most popular one is tumescent liposuction. This process involves a fluid injection that loosens the fat tissue before it’s removed. Multiple incisions may be made depending on the amount of fat that needs to be removed. 

After the surgery bandages are placed on the incisions to stop bleeding and pressure garments are given to help maintain the shape. The garments usually stay on for about 2-4 weeks. Swelling, bruising, and slight pain can be expected after the surgery. Patients usually return to work in a couple of days after the surgery is completed.
 
     
     
     

 

 

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